Born: Lydda, Syria Palaestina or Cappadocia
Died 23 April 303
Nicomedia, Bithynia, Roman Empire
Eastern Orthodox Church
Church of the East
In the Greek East and Latin West he is shown with St George's Cross emblazoned on his armour,or shield or banner.Many Patronages of Saint George exist around the world.In hagiography, as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers and one of the most prominent military saints,he is immortalised in the legend of Saint George and the Dragon. His memorial,Saint George's Day,is traditionally celebrated on 23 April.
England, Georgia and several other nation states, cities, universities, professions and organisations all claim Saint George as their patron.
Greek version: The compiler of this Acta Sancti Georgii, according to Hippolyte Delehaye, "confused the martyr with his namesake, the celebrated George of Cappadocia, the Arian intruder into the see of Alexandria and enemy of St. Athanasius".In the Greek tradition, George was born to Greek Christian parents, in Cappadocia. His father died for the faith when George was fourteen, and his mother returned with
George to her homeland of Syria Palaestina.
A few years later, George's mother died. George travels to the capital Nicomedia and joins the Roman army.George is persecuted by one Dadianus. In later versions of the Greek legend, this name is rationalized to Diocletian, and George's martyrdom is placed in the Diocletian persecution of AD 303. The setting in Nicomedia is also secondary, and inconsistent with the earliest cultus of the saint being located in Diospolis.
George was executed by decapitation before Nicomedia's city wall, on 23 April 303. A witness of his suffering convinced Empress Alexandra of Rome to become a Christian as well, so she joined George in martyrdom. His body was returned to Lydda for burial, where Christians soon came to honour him as a martyr.
Stephen is first mentioned in Acts of the Apostles as one of seven deacons appointed by the Apostles to distribute food and charitable aid to poorer members of the community in the early church. According to Orthodox belief, he was the eldest and is therefore called "archdeacon".
As another deacon, Nicholas of Antioch, is specifically stated to have been a convert to Judaism, it may be assumed that Stephen was born Jewish, but nothing more is known about his previous life.
The reason for the appointment of the deacons is stated to have been dissatisfaction among Hellenistic (that is, Greek-influenced and Greek-speaking) Jews that their widows were being slighted in preference to Hebraic ones in the daily distribution of food. Since the name "Stephanos" is Greek, it has been assumed that he was one of these Hellenistic Jews. Stephen is stated to have been full of faith and the Holy Spirit and to have performed miracles among the people.
Kedus Marcorios Kedust Arsema Abune Petros
It seems to have been among synagogues of Hellenistic Jews that he performed his teachings and "signs and wonders" since it is said that he aroused the opposition of the "Synagogue of the Freedmen", and "of the Cyrenians, and of the Alexandrians, and of them that were of Cilicia and Asia".[Acts 6:9]
Members of these synagogues had challenged Stephen's teachings, but Stephen had bested them in debate. Furious at this humiliation, they suborned false testimony that Stephen had preached blasphemy against Moses and God.
They dragged him to appear before the Sanhedrin, the supreme legal court of Jewish elders, accusing him of preaching against the Temple and the Mosaic Law.[Acts 6:9–14] Stephen is said to have been unperturbed, his face looking like "that of an angel".
Saint Kirkos (Ciricus) and his mother Saint Eyaluta (Juliette)
1 And the high priest said, "Are these things so?"
2 And Stephen said: 1"Brothers and fathers, hear me. 2The God 3of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, 4before he lived in Haran,
3 and said to him, 5`Go out from your land and from your kindred and go into the land that I will show you.`
4 6Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And 7after his father died, 8God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living.
5 Yet he gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot`s length, but promised 9to give it to him as a possession and to his offspring after him, 10though he had no child.
6 And God spoke to this effect--that 11his offspring would 12be sojourners in a land belonging to others, who would enslave them and afflict them 13four hundred years.
7 `But 14I will judge the nation that they serve,` said God, `and after that they shall come out 15and worship me in this place.`
8 And 16he gave him the covenant of circumcision. And 17so Abraham became the father of Isaac, and 18circumcised him on the eighth day, and 19Isaac became the father of Jacob, and 20Jacob of the twelve patriarchs.
9 "And the patriarchs, 21jealous of Joseph, 22sold him into Egypt; but 23God was with him
10 and rescued him out of all his afflictions and 24gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, 25who made him ruler over Egypt and over all his household.
11 Now 26there came a famine throughout all Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction, and our fathers could find no food.
12 27But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers on their first visit.
13 And 28on the second visit 29Joseph made himself known to his brothers, and 30Joseph`s family became known to Pharaoh.
14 And 31Joseph sent and summoned Jacob his father and all his kindred, 32seventy-five persons in all.
15 And 33Jacob went down into Egypt, and 34he died, he 35and our fathers,
16 and 36they were carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that 37Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.
17 "But 38as the time of the promise drew near, which God had granted to Abraham, 39the people increased and multiplied in Egypt
18 until there arose over Egypt another king 40who did not know Joseph.
19 41He dealt shrewdly with our race and forced our fathers to expose their infants, 42so that they would not be kept alive.
20 43At this time Moses was born; and he was beautiful in God`s sight. And he was brought up for three months in his father`s house,
21 and 44when he was exposed, Pharaoh`s daughter adopted him and brought him up as her own son.
22 And Moses 45was instructed in 46all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was 47mighty in his words and deeds.
23 "When he was forty years old, it came into his heart 48to visit his brothers, the children of Israel.
24 And seeing one of them being wronged, he defended the oppressed man and avenged him by striking down the Egyptian.
25 He supposed that his brothers would understand that God was giving them salvation by his hand, but they did not understand.
26 49And on the following day he appeared to them as they were quarreling and tried to reconcile them, saying, `Men, you are brothers. Why do you wrong each other?`
27 But the man who was wronging his neighbor thrust him aside, saying, 50`Who made you a ruler and a judge over us?
28 Do you want to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?`
29 At this retort 51Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, 52where he became the father of two sons.
30 "Now when forty years had passed, 53an angel appeared to him 54in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire in a bush.
31 When Moses saw it, he was amazed at the sight, and as he drew near to look, there came the voice of the Lord:
32 55`I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob.` And Moses trembled and did not dare to look.
33 Then the Lord said to him, 56`Take off the sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.
34 57I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and 58have heard their groaning, and 59I have come down to deliver them. 60And now come, I will send you to Egypt.`
35 "This Moses, whom they rejected, 61saying, `Who made you a ruler and a judge?`--this man God sent as both ruler and redeemer 62by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush.
36 63This man led them out, performing 64wonders and signs 65in Egypt and 66at the Red Sea and 67in the wilderness for 68forty years.
37 This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, `God will raise up for you 69a prophet like me from your brothers.`
38 This is the one 70who was in the congregation in the wilderness with 71the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. 72He received 73living 74oracles to give to us.
39 Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and 75in their hearts they turned to Egypt,
40 saying to Aaron, 76`Make for us gods who will go before us. As for this Moses who led us out from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.`
41 And 77they made a calf in those days, and offered a sacrifice to the idol and 78were rejoicing in 79the works of their hands.
42 But 80God turned away and 81gave them over to worship 82the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: 83"`Did you bring to me slain beasts and sacrifices, 84during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?
43 You took up the tent of 85Moloch and the star of your god Rephan, the images that you made to worship; and I will send you into exile beyond Babylon.`
44 "Our fathers had 86the tent of witness in the wilderness, just as he who spoke to Moses 87directed him to make it, according to the pattern that he had seen.
45 Our fathers in turn 88brought it in with Joshua when they 89dispossessed the nations 90that God drove out before our fathers. So it was 91until the days of David,
46 92who found favor in the sight of God and 93asked to find a dwelling place for 94the God of Jacob.a
47 But it was 95Solomon who built a house for him.
48 96Yet the Most High does not dwell 97in houses made by hands, as the prophet says,
49 98"`Heaven is my throne, 99and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is the place of my rest?
50 Did not my hand make all these things?`
51 100"You stiff-necked people, 101uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. 102As your fathers did, so do you.
52 103Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who announced beforehand the coming of 104the Righteous One, 105whom you have now betrayed and murdered,
53 you who received the law 106as delivered by angels and 107did not keep it."
54 Now when they heard these things 108they were enraged, and they 109ground their teeth at him.
55 But he, 110full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw 111the glory of God, and Jesus standing 112at the right hand of God.
56 And he said, "Behold, I see 113the heavens opened, and 114the Son of Man standing 115at the right hand of God."
57 But they cried out with a loud voice and stopped their ears and rushed togetherb at him.
58 Then 116they cast him out of the city and 117stoned him. And 118the witnesses laid down their garments 119at the feet of a young man named Saul.
59 And as they were stoning Stephen, 120he called out, "Lord Jesus, 121receive my spirit."
60 And 122falling to his knees he cried out with a loud voice, 123"Lord, do not hold this sin against them." And when he had said this, 124he fell asleep.
1=Now in these days 1-when the disciples were increasing in number, a complaint by the Hellenistsa arose against the Hebrews because their widows were being neglected in 2-the daily distribution. 2=And the twelve summoned the full number of the disciples and said, "It is not right that we should give up preaching the word of God to serve tables. 3=3-Therefore, brothers,b pick out from among you seven men 4-of good repute, 5-full of the Spirit and of wisdom, whom we will appoint to this duty. 4=But 6-we will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word." 5=And what they said pleased the whole gathering, and they chose Stephen, 7-a man full of faith and 8-of the Holy Spirit, and 9-Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolaus, 10-a proselyte of Antioch. 6=These they set before the apostles, and 11-they prayed and 12-laid their hands on them. 7=And 13-the word of God continued to increase, and the number of the disciples multiplied greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests 14-became obedient to 15-the faith. 8=And Stephen, full of grace and 16-power, was doing great wonders and signs among the people. 9=Then some of those who belonged to the synagogue of the Freedmen (as it was called), and of the Cyrenians, and of the Alexandrians, and of those from Cilicia and Asia, rose up and disputed with Stephen. 10=But 17-they could not withstand the wisdom and the Spirit with which he was speaking. 11=Then 18-they secretly instigated men who said, "We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses and God." 12=And they stirred up the people and the elders and the scribes, and they came upon him and seized him and brought him before the council, 13=and they 19-set up false 20-witnesses who said, "This man never ceases to speak words against 21-this holy place and the law, 14=for we have heard him say that this Jesus of Nazareth 22-will destroy this place and will 23-change 24-the customs that Moses delivered to us." 15=And gazing at him, all who sat in the council saw that his face 25-was like the face of an angel.